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Indian Polity Questions for Competitive Exam In Hindi

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Are you gearing up for a competitive exam that includes questions on Indian Polity? If so, you’re in the right place. Indian Polity is a crucial subject in various competitive exams such as UPSC, SSC, State PSCs, and more.

To excel in these exams, you need a solid understanding of the Indian political system, its constitution, and related topics. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll provide you with a treasure trove of Indian Polity questions, categorized by topics, to help you sharpen your preparation.

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Indian Polity is the backbone of the Indian administrative and political system. It encompasses the Constitution of India, the structure of government, fundamental rights and duties, and the functioning of various institutions. Questions related to Indian Polity are included in competitive exams to assess a candidate’s knowledge of the country’s governance and legal framework.

Here’s a breakdown of its significance:

1. Scoring Potential: Indian Polity questions are often straightforward and fact-based. Scoring well in this section can give your overall score a significant boost.

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2. Relevance: A solid understanding of Indian Polity is essential for individuals aspiring to work in the government or public sector. It’s also beneficial for anyone who wants to be an informed citizen.

3. Comprehensive Coverage: Indian Polity covers a wide range of topics, making it a versatile subject for various exams.

Now that you know why Indian Polity is crucial let’s dive into the questions!

Fundamental Questions on Indian Polity

Let’s start with some fundamental questions on Indian Polity. These questions cover the basics of the Indian Constitution and the political system.

1. What is the preamble of the Indian Constitution, and what does it signify?

The preamble of the Indian Constitution is an introductory statement that outlines the ideals and objectives of the Constitution. It signifies the aspirations of the people and the vision of the framers of the Constitution for a just and equitable society.

2. How many articles are there in the Indian Constitution?

The Indian Constitution comprises a total of 470 articles (as of my knowledge cutoff date in September 2021).

3. What was the significance of Article 370 of the Indian Constitution?

Article 370 granted special autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It allowed the state to have its own constitution and limited the applicability of Indian laws in the region.

4. Explain the concept of federalism in the Indian Constitution.

Federalism in the Indian Constitution refers to the distribution of powers and responsibilities between the central government and the state governments. It divides the authority and resources between the two levels of government, ensuring a balance of power.

5. Who is the final authority for interpreting the Indian Constitution?

The Supreme Court of India is the final authority for interpreting the Indian Constitution. It has the power of judicial review, which allows it to review the constitutional validity of laws and executive actions.

Indian Constitution and Amendments

The Indian Constitution has undergone several amendments since its inception. Here are some questions related to these amendments.

6. What is the significance of the 42nd Amendment to the Indian Constitution?

The 42nd Amendment, passed in 1976, is often referred to as the “Mini Constitution of India.” It made several changes to the Constitution, including the addition of new Directive Principles of State Policy and Fundamental Duties.

7. Which amendment introduced the Anti-Defection Law in India?

The 52nd Amendment Act, 1985, introduced the Anti-Defection Law in India. It prevents elected members from switching parties or voting against the party’s whip.

8. What is the purpose of the Preamble of the Indian Constitution?

The Preamble of the Indian Constitution declares India to be a sovereign, socialist, secular, and democratic republic. Its purpose is to provide a brief summary of the Constitution’s ideals and objectives.

9. How many schedules are there in the Indian Constitution, and what do they contain?

The Indian Constitution originally had 8 schedules, but now it has 12 schedules. These schedules contain various details like the list of states and union territories, forms of oaths, and allocation of seats in the Rajya Sabha (Council of States).

10. What is the significance of the 73rd and 74th Amendments to the Indian Constitution?

The 73rd and 74th Amendments, passed in 1992, introduced constitutional provisions for rural and urban local governance, respectively. They empowered local bodies such as Panchayats and Municipalities.

Important Government Bodies and Roles

Understanding the roles and functions of key government bodies is vital for Indian Polity questions. Let’s explore some questions in this context.

11. Who is the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha?

The Vice President of India serves as the ex-officio Chairman of the Rajya Sabha.

12. What is the primary role of the Election Commission of India?

The Election Commission of India is responsible for conducting free and fair elections at the state and national levels.

13. Who is the head of the Union Executive in India?

The President of India is the head of the Union Executive in India.

14. What is the term of office for a member of the Rajya Sabha?

The term of office for a member of the Rajya Sabha is six years.

15. What is the function of the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India?

The CAG of India is responsible for auditing the accounts of the central and state governments and ensuring financial transparency and accountability.

Fundamental Rights and Duties

Fundamental Rights and Duties are an integral part of the Indian Constitution. Let’s delve into some questions about these crucial aspects.

16. What is Article 19 of the Indian Constitution, and what freedoms does it guarantee?

Article 19 of the Indian Constitution guarantees six fundamental freedoms, including the right to freedom of speech and expression, the right to assemble peacefully, and the right to form associations or unions.

17. What is the significance of the Right to Education (RTE) Act?

The Right to Education Act, 2009, makes education a fundamental right for children between the ages of 6 and 14. It ensures free and compulsory education for all.

18. What are the Fundamental Duties of Indian citizens?

The Fundamental Duties are a set of moral and civic obligations for Indian citizens. They were added to the Constitution through the 42nd Amendment. There are 11 Fundamental Duties.

19. Can Fundamental Rights be suspended during a state of emergency?

Yes, during a state of emergency, certain Fundamental Rights can be suspended by the President of India.

20. Which article of the Indian Constitution prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth?

Article 15 of the Indian Constitution prohibits discrimination on the mentioned grounds and provides for the promotion of social justice.

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